The great multitude of Muhaqqiq Ulama (research
scholars) of the Ahl-e-Sunnah wal Jamaat state that the Respected Parents of
successful and are enjoying the cool breezes of Paradise. In reaching this
position the Ulama have adopted one of three paths.
The first opinion is that they belong to the
age known as the 'Age of Fitrah'. The most recent (to this age) Prophet to
have been sent was Hazrat Isa
. After him Six hundred long years had
passed during which time the revelation 'Injeel' had been subjected to many
deliberate changes. Instead of referring to Hazrat Isa as Abd'ullah (servant
and Rasul'ullah (Prophet of Allah)
his ummah became entangled in a web of ignorance and began calling him
Ibn'ullah (son of Allah).
Thus from where were the people of this age to obtain guidance? From whom were
they to hear the Kalima of Haq (word of truth)? This is further exacerbated by
the fact that Hazrat Isa was sent to guide the Bani Isra'il. The inhabitants
of Hijaaz were not within his domain (of preaching). Hazrat Isa did not preach
to them for it was not part of his remit and nor did his companions take this
task upon themselves. Thus the people of this age are referred to in the
following verse of the Quran:
"And we do not punish anyone until we send a
Prophet (towards them)"
Allaama Ali bin Burhaan uddin in his Seerah
Halbiya writes "Allaama ibn Hajar Al Haytami has stated that it is the clear
truth and there is no doubt that all of the Ahl-ul- Fitrah are worthy of
salvation. The Ahl-ul-Fitrah is those to whom was sent no such Prophet who
could bring them to believe in Allah.
Even the Arabs of the time of the Bani Isra'il Prophets
were part of the Ahl-ul-Fitrah because the Prophets
of the Bani Isra'il were not ordered to invite the Arabs to believe in Allah.
Their domain of preaching was confined to the Bani Israil' (Seerat ul Halbiya
vol 1 p 103)
The above mentioned verse is supported by this
"And you Lord does not destroy the settlements
until he has sent a Prophet to their major city"
The Ulama have divided the Ahl-e- Fitrah into
1) The first are those people who used their
own intelligence to conclude in the belief of the Tawhid of Allah.
Examples of these are Qus bin Sa'ada ; Zaid bin Amar bin Nafeel and some of
the kings of the nation of Taba'ah.
2) The second group are those who ruined the
deen of Ibrahim
and initiated the worshipping of idols. With great endeavours
they forced the people to accept the corrupt belief of Shirk, and introduced
their own rules concerning Haraam and Halaal. There is no doubt that this
group is of Hell.
3) The third are those who through a lack of
information remained independent of any sort of belief. Neither did they
accept the Tawhid of Allah
and nor were they party to any shirk or idol worshipping. This is the group
that will not be punished. This is the group referred to by the first
One view is that the Parents of the Prophet
to the Ahl-e-Fitrah. No Prophet in the time between Hazrat Ismail
and the Prophet Muhammad
came to them and nor did any invitation from a Prophet reach them. But
neither did they commit a Kufr against a Prophet and nor did they reject any
invitation. Therefore they are worthy of salvation.